Mount Bromo ( Indonesian ) - The Good Place For Holidays

Mount Bromo is one of the active volcanoes in Indonesia, precisely in East Java and covers four districts namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang and Malang. As the volcano is still active, so Bromo-known tourist destination in East Java and almost never empty every day.

His status is still active makes Mount Bromo become more attractive in the eyes of tourists. Mount Bromo altitude of 2,392 meters above sea level and has a body shape mesh between valleys and canyons with the caldera or the ocean surrounded by vast sand approximately 5,300 hectares.

Mount Bromo in Probolinggo travel icon known as the most beautiful and most visited. The word "Bromo" comes from the word "Brahma" is one of the Gods of Hinduism. Mount Bromo is not as large as other volcanoes in Indonesia but the scenery is fabulous Bromo all. The beauty of Mount Bromo outstanding makes tourists amazed.

Penanjakan peak at an altitude of 2,780 m, tourists can see the sunrise at Bromo Travel. A beautiful view, many people want to immortalize this precious moment. At the time of sunrise seen from the top of a very remarkable climbing visitors can see the foreground of Mount Semeru which will remove smoke visible from a distance and the sun will shine brightly rise into the sky.

Mount Bromo
Gunung Bromo

Communities around Mount Bromo will celebrate the festival Yadnya Kasada or Kasodo annually by describing the offerings such as vegetables, chicken, and the money will be offered to the gods and thrown into the crater of Mount Bromo. As a form of gratitude to the almighty.

History Mount Bromo

Legenda Roro Anteng dan Joko Seger
Antiquity when the kingdom of Majapahit received many attacks from all regions, many natives so confused to find a new place to live until they finally split into 2 parts. One heading to Bali, two to Mount Bromo. Second place is until now have in common is equally embraced Hinduism.

The name "Tengger" is believed to come from the legend Anteng Roro and Joko Seger. "Teng" is Roro An-name suffix "teng" and "ger" is the suffix of the name of Joko As "ger" and Mount Bromo also believed to be a sacred mountain. Hindu communities call it by the name of Mount Brahma. While the Javanese call it Mount Bromo. Less like that of origin - origin of the legend of Mount Bromo.

Anteng legend Roro and Joko Seger

Places of Interest in Mount Bromo
The crater of Mount Bromo

Kawah Gunung Bromo

The crater of Mount Bromo

To be able to reach the crater of Mount Bromo tourist sites, from where parki Jeep visitors can use the services of rent a horse or walk approximately 1.5 km to reach the stairs which numbers about 250. The road is impassable sandy and passed the Holy Temple Tribe Tengger commonly functioned for celebration melaksanakn Yadya Kasada or commonly called by the name of Kasodo ceremony, according to legend came from the crater Bromo Tengger volcanic eruptions. With a diameter of approximately 800 meters (north-south) and approximately 600 meters (east-west). While the hazardous area of ​​a circle with a radius of 4 km from the center of the crater of Mount Bromo.

Teletubbies hill Mount Bromo

Bukit Teletubies savanah Gunung Bromo

Teletubbies hill savannah Mount Bromo

Is a desert-savannah commonly called by the name of Mount Bromo Teletubbies hill and surrounded by rows of hills. A natural landscape is perfect, it can be said Mount Bromo has a natural charm which is very comprehensive, ranging from beautiful sunrises, splendor Tourism bromo crater, or caldera sea of ​​desert and grass savannah contained in this field.

Sand Whisper Mount Bromo

Pasir Berbisik Gunung Bromo

Sand Whisper Mount Bromo

An expanse of ocean desert vast and beautiful black, located around the caldera of Mount Bromo right on the eastern part of the tourist area of ​​Mount Bromo. The place is now so popular since been used as a shooting location Whispering Sands movie starring Sastro dian Ward. Set amidst a sea of ​​sand, there is a pure commonly used as a place of public worship Tengger tribe.

Penanjakan Mount Bromo

Penanjakan Gunung Bromo

Penanjakan Mount Bromo

Mount Bromo is the best location in Indonesia to see the sun rising very beautiful and charming. In order to achieve Penanjakan Mount Bromo, tourists can use the Bromo jeep rental services to deliver to the tourist sites of interest in Mount Bromo. Depart to the summit of Mount Bromo Pananjakan should be carried out on in the early hours of the morning around 03.00 and the trip can be started from the inn where you stay at Mount Bromo, so you do not miss the sunrise in the tourist area of ​​Mount Bromo.

Strawberry Gardens at Mount Bromo

Kebun Strawberry di Gunung Bromo
Strawberry Gardens at Mount Bromo

Mount Bromo is not just to offer you a beautiful natural landscape and culture course, in the field of Agro You can also find a tourist area that has a different nuance to Mount Bromo. In the tourist area of ​​this one, you can immediately reap the fruit of their own strawberries direct from the tree stem. More than that, you can directly enjoy the sweetness of the strawberries is typical of Mount Bromo.

Strawbery fruit that grows on Mount Bromo is different from those in other areas. Which makes it different, strawberry that grows on Mount Bromo has a distinctive taste that is legit, and a red blush. If you're visiting one of the most beautiful mountain in the world, no one tried to enjoy the sensation of sweet and strawberry fruit legitnya slopes of Mount Bromo.

Culture at Mount Bromo
At day 14, the Hindu festival Yadnya Kasada, Tengger people who live around Mount Bromo, Probolinggo, East Java, to climb the mountain by bringing offerings or offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and also sacrifice their livestock to the mountain gods by throwing offerings into the volcanic caldera.

The origin of this ritual comes from the legend of the 15th century where there was a princess named Roro Anteng and her husband, Joko Seger. The pair originally had no children and therefore the couple pleaded for help on the mountain gods.

The gods of Mount then give them 24 children but, it was given 25 children, the last named Jaya Kusuma, and in the partner agreement with the gods, the couple had to throw her into 25 into the volcano as a sacrifice.

Yadnya Kasada

Then the request of the god of Mount were held. After Jaya Kusuma threw himself into the crater of Mount, he asked for the Tengger people so abandoned farm products into the crater every 14 months kasadha, tradition of throwing the field into the volcano to appease the ancient gods then continue to this day and is called with Yadnya Kasada ceremony.

Yadnya Kasada

Although dangerous, some residents take the risk climbed down into the crater of the volcano, in an effort to bring the goods sacrificed believed to bring good luck to them.

In the desert there is a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten name. The temple holds significance for the Tengger people scattered mountain villages, such as Argosari, Ngadisari, Ngadas, Wonokitri, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso.

The temple is a major place in the annual Kasada Yadnya ceremony which takes place in approximately one month. On the 14th day, usually Tengger people will gather at Pura Luhur Poten have to ask for the blessing of Ida Hyang Widi Wasa and the ruler Mahameru (Mt. Kilimanjaro).

Then a wide range of results along the edge of the crater of Mount Bromo to be offerings that will be thrown into the crater. Notable difference between this and the temple Bromo temples in Bali is a type of stone materials and building materials.

Pura Luhur Poten Bromo in using natural black stone that comes from the volcano nearby, while the temples in Bali are mostly made of red brick material. In this temple, there are some buildings and stables are also aligned in the composition mandala zone.

Activities Mount Bromo
The eruption in 2004

Letusan Gunung Bromo

Mount Bromo erupted in 2004. The eruption resulted in the death of two people because the exposed rocks of volcanic eruptions.

The eruption of Mount Bromo

The eruption in 2010

Letusan Gunung Bromo 2010
On Tuesday, November 23rd, 2010, at 16.30 WIB (Western Indonesia Time), Center for Volcanology and Indonesia Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) confirmed that the status of activity at Mount Bromo was "alert" because of the increasing activity of tremors and volcanic earthquakes shallow happened on the mountain.

The greater concern and predicted that volcanic eruptions may possibly happen is getting stronger. Precautions have been undertaken and the locals also tourists asked not too close to Mount Bromo, at least within a radius of three kilometers of the caldera Bromo set up camp for the displaced. The area around the Bromo caldera Teggera remains off limits to visitors in the rest of the end of 2010.

Then Bromo began erupting ash on Friday, November 26, 2010.

On 29 November 2010 the Transportation Ministry spokesman Bambang Ervan announced that Malang domestic airport will be closed until December 4, 2010. Malang is a great city and has a population of approximately 800,000 and is located about 25 km (16 miles) west of Mount Bromo. Abdul Rachman Saleh airport normally handles about 10 daily domestic flights from the capital Jakarta. Government volcanologist Surono reported that the volcano will spew an ash up to a radius of about 700 meters (2,300 feet) into the sky.

The eruption of Mount Bromo in 2010

The eruption in 2011

The eruption of Mount Bromo on January 22, 2011 05:30 made crater of Mount Bromo to not visible) Tengger still active at the end of January 2011, the activities were marked by fluctuations of the ongoing eruption.

On January 23, 2011 the Center for Volcanology Indonesia and Geological Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) (Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation) reported that since the date of December 19, 2010 ash and volcanic material incandescent already incurred by the activity of the eruption and produce heavy rain of material fell around the crater.

Continuous eruption that occurred on January 21 caused a lot of thin ash fall, especially in rural areas and Sukapura Wonokerto Ngadirejo in Probolinggo.

Impacts resulting from heavy rains of volcanic ash from the eruption since December 19, 2010 resulted in normal activity so disturbed. Then in early 2011 the local economy and concerns about potential environmental issues are also long-term health of the residents in the region around Mount Bromo.

Due to seasonal rainfall is very high in January 2011 of potential lahar and lava flows rose as deposits of volcanic ash, sand and other materials that have been issued subsequently built.

People who live on the edge Boat Ravine, Nganten Ravine and River Sukapura alerted to the possibility of lava flows, especially when heavy rains in the area around Cemorolawang, Ngadisari and Ngadirejo.

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